First Amendment Law
Perhaps the most far-reaching amendment of the Bill of Rights, First Amendment law focuses on protecting citizens' rights to freedom of speech, religion, press, and assembly against law enacted by Congress. The courts have taken this to apply to all of the federal government, and they interpret the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment as protecting First Amendment rights from interference by state governments as well. Litigation is made possible by the First Amendment's right to petition the government for a redress of grievances. First Amendment cases through the years have covered everything from book burning to prayer in schools to internet pornography.